KANADAI MAGYAR MUNKÁS
IMI szeptember U
MORE STEEl, BÜT MORE CONSUMER GOOOS TOO
_Steady all-round growth marks fírst «ix montks of Hungary^s flve-yeár plan —
BUDAPEST —-A Steady gi-owth in industrial production and living standards marked the fírst six months of Hun-gary's second five-year plan, launched in Januaiy this year; . '
Figures released by the Centi:al Statistics" Bureau in Budapest show that daily average production in state Industries rose by 13 per cent above that of the first half of 1960, and totál output exceeded the plan by 4 per cent.
At the same time wages and pensions increased and there. was a steep rise in personal savhigs. More food was consumed. and there was an increase in the sale of durable consumer goods. ■
There was a continued emphasis on steel and machine production but there were also big increases in the output of certain consumer goods ~ notably televlsion sets and reftigerators.
Here are the actual figures: ' ~
Output Percentageof 1960
* first half year
- Coal - - • 14.035.500 tons 108
- Minéral oil, . 697.400 tons 122
EHectric power 3,998.500 mW hrs 108
' Irón' ore 644.100 tons 104
- Crude steel 994.400 tons 108
' HotrXoUed steel 721.000 tons . 123
. Diesel engines 58 . 119
- Buses 1,005 , ■■ -. ~ 110
. Lorrles ' 1,447 IQO
Combine harvesters 1,260 118
fertiliser 148,500 tons * 113
Supeiphospate 161.400 tons . 130
Bricks 767 millión 105
Cement 744.500 tons 101
- Cotton cloth 127 millión sq metres 108
- Woollen cloth 15 millión sq. metres 111
• Shoes 12. millión pairs 112
Radio sets 117.300 111
Television sets 88.900 148
Refrigerators 6,500 171
Butter 7.300 tons 88
Beér 1,894,000 hectolitres 111
combine harvesters brought into operation during the half-year, farmers in Hungaiy how have 43,-000 tractors and 5,000 combines.
A totál of 460.000 tóns of fertiliser was used, 20 per cent more than" last year, and söü improve-ment was carried out on ah srea 24 per céht greater than last year.
With electricity taken to. 30 more villagesi 93 per cent of Hun-. gary*s villages are now linked t» the nátipnal grid.
During the half year a new mineral oil refinery came into operation at Szöny, and reconstruction of part of the özd Foundry Works increased annuai steel capacity there by 80.000 tons.
The first sík months of 1961 marked the completion of the na-tional campaign for co-operative farming. By the end of June there were 1,200,000 co-operative farm
members, working between them 79 per cent of the country's arable land. .
Together'with State farms, 95 per cent of the arable" land is now farmed socially. •
With 2,300 new tractors and 700
Exports of industrial consumer goods increased by 30 per cent and of machineiy by 20 per cent; compared with; the ;first half. of last-. 'jrear..'. v-v .v. ■ ''::}>■■'■: A generál increase in exports led tp a fáyóurable balancé of pay--ments positiort át the end óf, the half-year,
Home trade figures showáá a per cent övéráU increase, an increase öf 5 per cent, in food sáíes.. Restaurants and cánteens increased their sáles by 6 per cent.
Sales of television Sets increased by 56 per cent, of virashing tná-chines by 29 per cent, and car sale^^ trebled.
The humber of television sub-scribersrose during the six months to 143,000, an increase of 40,000.
Half a mililőn more people join-ed the social insurahbe scheme in the six months, bringing.the totál now covered to 9,4QO,000 — nearly 94 per cent of üie population. ;
Thére was a, fali in the generál death. rate, and infant mortality dropped from 52 to 46 per thou-sand live births.
Net population increase during the six months Was 25,000, bri%-ing thé pbpuíátioh oh June 30 to 10,046,000. '
Canadian girl wrifes a Gagarin's Budapest visit
Dear Editor: ,
Since I did somé canvassing work for the MUNKÁS in Hamil-ton in 1930 and still feel I belong among you as I did then (though I am not of Hungárián origin), I wish to sharamy feelings-^today. that is: the happiness of us in Himgary, with my people — Hun-garians and non-Hungarians — in Canada.
We arrived on the 19th of August, and a solid wall of people 20 kilometers long waited to greet him all the way from the airport to Moscow Squsűre' in Buda. The actors ahd'actresses of Budapest climbed onto a roof to wave to him, and^ the smaU fry dímbed anything they could and eveiy-where squeezed ^ ahead of the crowds.
Besidea greeting Yuri Alexeye-vich Gagarin on Moscow Square when he arrived. there was a great meeting on the roomy Square of the Hexoes with about 200.000pre-sent, on August 20th. though the weather was bad. Comrade George Marosán in a brotherly fashion greeted the first man to bear the flag of Oonununism around the
world in space; while welcoming his arrival on- ithis Hungárián double holiday. It's the traditional Harvest Holiday, - and since 1949 the 20th of August is annivérsary of the new socialist Construction of the Hungárián People's Repub-lic. Comrade Marosán explained toí the public that the Soviet Union, because of its socialist system breakes new records every day in the fields of sciehce, economy a«d culture, and stated that the tlights of Gagarin and Titov also prc've that the socialist system is super-ior to capitalism. and. that Hun* garians are both happy and proud to be marching side by side with the Soviet Union towards Oora-munism. He expressed his belief that not only the Soviet people but those living in Hungary tpday will also live under Commuinism (and you may be süre, he is right). During the short 16 years since liberation the working-class and the whole working people-of Hungary have already achieved more than capitalism did in 100 years. Pmí. duction is four times what it was in 1935. Also old viUages has at last been transformed by the blood-
less revolutión that has taken place in Hungary. 90% of all arable land is workeii' by socialist methods this yéar —■ each cb-opé-rative "now résembtíng á lárge fac-tory or large-scale farni wiíhoüt exploiter-farmers. Here the people themselves áré boss, they run own "plánt" themselves according to the dear old communist mptto: "The . land bglongs to him who Works it"
It's tóo early togive figures, because the crops are süli ripen-ing in the fiéldö, but thSs year the country has already given the ci-ties more pfoduöe tíiari ever be-fore. fodustrial production ón thé ^ther hand is 13% more than last year's (which is 4% more thah planned).
Marosán brőught up another ih-terestihg question. Hé stated that no one knöws better than the ÍHun* garians dö, taking into cohsidéra-tion thtír lOOÖ year history; how rapaclöus the Germán militarists are with their- Drang nach Ostcn policies — especiaUy ever since their hate is added to their gréedi-ness since the peoples to their East are building socialism. And he added: there is no-honest per-son anywheré who^feels his res-ponsibility fór peáce in the world and for chüdren to live, who can bear the aggressórs' threats any longer^ «We sociaUst states." he
NEW CAVE WONPmLAWP FOUND
BUDAPEST — A new cave wonderland, which may out-shine the famous Aggtelek caves, has been discovered in Northern Hungary near the Czechoslovak bordér.
A party of explorers led by Dr. György Dénes, of the Red Meteor cave society, found.the new system after seve-ral days hárd work clearing debris from a swallet onthe slopes of thé Alsóhegy hiU near Bődvaszilas, which is about 15 miles from Aggtelek.
The swallet led them into a corridor and thence into a series of caves fiUed with stalactites and stalágmites. Half a mile líndergttjund they came upon what may the biggest cave ín Hungary, bigger even than the Gianfs IJall in Aggtelek.
They hamed it the Haü of Titana. Its lOO-yard length is fiiied with glistening white columns, somé so big that five peraons holding hánds could hardly encircle them. :
Éíxploratiori of the rest of the system, which has been naméd th« Meteor Cave, is stUl continuing. r ■■.7':'. * * • ' • '
WESTERN PLAYS ON BUÖAPEST STAQES Many plays by Western playwrights figure on the coming seásön'i' répertoires of Budapest théatres. -
The Natíonal Theatre is putting on Arthur MiUer's *!Witches of Salem" and the Katona Theatre will follow Shakespeare'a "AU's Weli thát end WeU" with Singe's "Playboy of the Western World."
Shows on at other theatres include Moliere's "La Maiadé Imágin^ aire". done as a musical, Tehnessee Williams' "Black Orpheus" and "A Streetcar named Desire", and Brecht's "Galileo Galilei." '
i '« « « • ,■
FOHEIGN COOKS STÜDY IN BUDAPEST More foreign cooks are studying in Hungary, whose top restau-rants have already attracted students from China, America, the Soviet Union and Africa.
A gn>up of Mongolian cooks recéntly completed á two monüu study of Hungárián dishes, and eight Polish cooks are now spending six wéeks at the Grand and Gellért hotels and two-restauránts. ' ■ "■ . . ■ ::. ft V; x)í:^.\-."y-'^ '' .
WORLD'S BIGGEST PRE-FAB UNIT HOISTED
What is claimed to.be the biggest pre-fab concrete unit in the world to be lifted by c'rane was hoisted into position in the roof of an extension ío the cable fáctory in Budapest, Hungary.
Weighing €0 tons. with a 34 nietre spah and covering an area of 250 sq. métres, it was successfully put ihto position by two cranes with-in an höutí in front of ah audience;óf 100 designéra and other experts.
HÜNOAltlANS DOUBI^E MEIAT INTAHOB Hungary's ten millión population have doubled their consumption of meat in the past five years the Central Statistics Office announced.
In 1960 they. ate 113,000 tons compared to 65,300 tons in 1955. Poultry consumption Blsq nearly. doubled. .
Butter sales by retailers went up from 4,970 tons to 10.190 tons, milk con^víjmption by millión gallons. to 54 ^millión.;
Rum' and brandy sáles dropped, l?ut .hiore wihe and beér was drunk. Cigarette salés rose fröin 12,0ÖÓ miUiohs toi IS.ÖOO müUon^^
STRATFORD, Ontario — Japan's "The Humán Condi-tion", the study of the spiritual and physical sufferlngs of one man who tries to maihtain his oWh standards of humán behaviour in wartime, was voted best picture.iri the Strat-ford International Film Festival which concluded here m the Avoií theatre. W''-'.^
Heinz; ' Ruhmann was named best actor for his work in Germany*s *'A Man
said, "are going to sign peace ag-reements with any other states that want to. live in peace." Then he mentioned the all-embracing fact that the Soviet Union has strode to first place in scienCe, but is not thStatening anyone with her strength ~ wants peace!
Marosán called upon the Hun> gariwi youth to be liké Gagarin, and emphásized that the tirst stcp tp world peace is the brotherhoöd that exists between the Hungárián pecple and the people of the Soviet Union and other socialist count-ries. He statédpositively that together with all honest people the world over were going to win (Continued on page 13)
Through; the Wall' and Janusz Morgenstern was cited as best director for Pöland's "Seé Yoü Tompr-row;"
The best short subject was tha United Kihgdom's "Stone Into Steel." - - : .
No awajrd was made for "best actress", but á speclrt award íor » notáble juvenil^ perfptmance went t« lAcI Tóth for his work In Good Until Death," a -Hungárián entry. - , ,
These were the flndings of tfte Stratford Fibn Festíval's Cntira Gircle. Although thé Festíval its€» is nöh-compétítiVe, a group of cn-tica who had covered all 21 of tne matinéé and evening showings heia during the FesÜVal's two-weeK durátion, agáin decided amoag themselves that somé sort of coghílion for merit should os inadé. Those vóting were warmi
Goeppel of Film Dafly; ^í^^^^j:* máh öi thé Ixmdon S^e Pr^ Géoige Páttérsöh bf Klnas m Ke-
viévi^; Gérald PratTey of the rontó Star and Ihe CBÜ.and^ bin Sanbom of thé Stratford Bea con Héráid. pA Thé results wereT annf"^ from the Stage of thé Avon theai^ö by Jolin Hayés. Production ^ agér ánd Díréclor of Stratford Festival at the co^ sión of the ifinal performan^ Canadian premiere of "The
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sive Generation' States.