Friday, September 13, 1946.
THE JEWISH WESTERN BULLETIN
Jewish Agricultural Farm Now Reaping Its First Harvest
The Jewish agricultural training farm at Smithville, Ont., where 26 Canadian-bom yoimgsters are preparing themselves for a pioneering life in Palestine, is now reaping its first harvest. The farm wiU produce 40 acres of grains, 20 acres of grapes, 10 acres of small fruit, IVz acres of pears, 2 acres of vegetables and Vz acre of gladiolas, as an experiment.
The young men ,and women who a year ago knew very little of fram woric, have proved themselves very efficient not only in the fields but also in the chicken run and other branches of farm activity. A large hoxise for 3,600 chickens, is now being btdlt by the young pioneers who also intend to manufacture ■ t heir own boxes for marketing the eggs. The herd of the farm includes 30 cows.
The farm is operated by th«. Hadhshara Farms Inc., a non-political and non-partisan party in Canada, with headquarters in Montreal. Its Board of Directors include a numbei: of well-known Jewish businessmen and community leaders from all walks of life, such as: S. Albert, president, F. Leopold, and J. Plullips, well-known agricultiure expert of Chat-eaguay Quebec, vice presidents, J. Boro, chairman Building Committee, M. Dickstein, chairman of the Board of Directors, I. M. Bobrove, secretary and H. Maydedk, Executive Secretary, all of Montreal, and Major Harry Hyde of Toronto-Hamilton, Dr. K. Freeman, Dr. S. B. Hurwich and I. Freeman of Toronto, M. Moser, S. Green, ana I. Kurtzer of Winnipeg. The above leaders are sponsoring the campaign for fimds to assure the maintenance and expansion of tihe Bgricoilture training centre at Smithville.
Help Jewish Postal Employees Observe High Holy Days
In order to help Jewish carriers (and other postal employees observe the High Holy Days, the Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America has issued an appeal to send New Yeans's igreet-ings at the earliest possible date.
Under no cireumtarices should any mail be sent on Wednesday September 25, (erev Rosh Hasha-nah or October 4, (erev Yom Kipptu").
British ORT Opens Training Schools
LONDON. — ORT — Organization for Rehabilitation through Training — has resumed activities interrupted here by the war with the establishment of an engineering school for Jewish refugees. The building also houses a woman's dressmaking class.
Well equipped with lathes, drilling machines, grinders, woodworking apparatus and other devices, the school offers a two-year coiirse leading to employment in industry or entrance to an engineering college. Subjects covered include general shop work, tool-making, carpentry, electrical installation, mathematics, drawing chemistry, English and civics.
For trainees 'wibo want to get jobs quickly short coiuses are given in welding, lathe tnining and the like.
The ORT building is a former gEirage of which the groimd floor only survived bombing. Headmaster is Alfred Lewinnek who was director of the Berlin ORT school when it was moved to Leeds, England, early in 1939. Three of (his students are instructors in, the new school.
In addition to training, the school plans to provide tools and other equipment and work clothes for graduates who receive employment.
Portable Exhibit Of Ceremonial Objects Shipped to Honolulu
NEW YORK: — A portable exhibit of Jewish ceremonial objects has been shipped to Honolulu by the National Jewish Welfare Board (JWB) for display in the Honolulu Academy of Arts during the Jewish High Holy Days-September 26th and 27th — as part of tflie High Holy Days program to be conducted by JWB for American servicemen in Hawaii, it was announced by Louis Kraft, JWB executive director.
The Jewish Theological Seminary of America and the Hebrew Union College are co-operating with JWB — American Jewry's imited instrumentality for religious, welfare and moral service to Jews in the armed forces and veterans hospitals — in arranging for the exhibit.
Included in the exhibit are spice boxes, Kiddush cups, illustrated manucsripts, medallions, Torah pointers and other items used in Jewish religious ceremony on the Sabbath, Holy Days and festivals. The same exhibit was shown this year in many of the 288 Jewish commimity centers and YM and YWHA's of the United States and Canada, of which JWb is lihe niational association.
In conjunction with the Honolulu exhibit, JWB will conduct a program of lectures and motion pictxires for American Jewish GI's stationed in Hawaii.
Urge Educational Program to Combat Anti-Semitism
BUDAPEST, (WNS) — A program to combat anti-Semitism in Hxmgaiy was presented this week • to Premier Feirenc Nagy following the national convention of Hungarian Jews, attended by r^re-sentatives of orthodox and non-orthodox Jews.
The program urging the government to luidertake a nation-wide campaign against anti - Semitism suggests the use of education as a means of overcoming prejudices and the strengthening of the police and military forces to prevent attacks on Jews. The program also demands more effective laws for restoring confiscated Jewish property. The conference also called on Christian leaders to take up the fight against anti-Semitism.
GREET YOUR RELATIVES AND FRIENDS WITH A NEW YEAR GREETING IN THE BULLETIN
MR AND MRS. J. BROWN AND FAMILY 1234 Center St.
wish their Relatives and Friends
A HAPPY NEW YEAR
MR. AND MRS. J. BROWN AND FAMILY 1234 Center St.
HEARTIEST NEW YEAR GREETINGS TO ALL
DON'T MISS ANYONE
The Holiday Issue Of The Bulletin Is Sent To Every Jewish Family In B,C.
Don't Delay 2675 Oak St.
Phone or Call BAy. 4210
ORT Sends Tools And Machines To Aid European Jews
NEW YORK — Tools and machines valued at more than ?362,-000 have been sent this year by ORt — Organization for Rehabilitation^ through Training — to iii. schools and workshops for Jews iliroughout the world, including the displaced persons camps in Germany, it is announced in a report received here by the American ORT Federation from the World ORT Union in Geneva.
Most of the equipment is sold on credit to i ndividual artisans and and cooperative groups whose payments will go into a revolving fund for the same purpose.
Not included in the total figure is the equipment supplied to repatriated refugee craftsmen returning to their home countries ox. the sums expended for maintaining training projects.
Equipment includes hand tools, lathes, sewing and knitting machines, motors, and other facilities.
Letter of Regret To American Correspondent
JERUSALEM (WNS) — Richard Mower, New York Post Oorres-pondeit, who is recovering from a thigh inJTjry he received in the July 22 dynamiting of the King David Hotel here, has received a letter from the Irgun Zvai Leumi expressing regret over the "inconvenience" catised him by tihe incident.
The letter, Mowrer said, was left m his bed at the Hadassah Hospital by an English speaking young woman who said she haad come to inquire about his health. It stated that the bomb was "not aimed' at you, but you will appreciate the due warning now that was given to the British authorities, wMch was deliberately disregarded" and that Mowrear was a "victim of the government's imscrupulousness."
Jewish Delegates Describe Efforts At Peace Conference
PARIS (WNS)—A joint statement outlining their efforts before the Peace Conference toward securing incorporation into the peace treaties provisions ior the protection of Jewish rights was issued here this week by the delegations of eleven central Jewish bodies.
The text of the statement, issued to the press, follows:
"The representatives of the leading Jewish organizations conferred daily with members of the various government delegations of the twenty-one coimtries participating in the Peace CJonference with regard to the proposals submitted by them on restitution, indemnification and protection of hmnan rights for inclusion into the drafts of the peace treaties.
"The Jewish representatives urged the governments to include provisions for the extension and implementatiton of fundamental freedoms and to redress the wrongs of the past in order to enable Jews from enemy coxmtries to live in peace and security, and to preserve their religious and cultural entity. Virtually very government delegation was approached.
"A coordinating body of representatives of the major Jewish organizations was formed for continuing the negotiations. It was decided that a number of Jewish leaders remain in Paris for the duration of the Peace Conference to make efforts and bring to the attention of diplomats the m-gency lOf tlie Jewish requests."
Due to the heavy pressure of producing tlie Special New Yeav Edition no Bulletin will appear on Friday, Sept. 20th.
All copy for the New Year Edition must be in at the Community Centre not later than 5 pan. Thursday, Sept. 19fli.
By CHARLOTTE WEBER
Across sampan-fiUedi Soochow Creek in Shanghai is a shabby, crowded section called Hraigkew, the ghetto of the Far Bast. Fourteen thousand European Jews Who fled from Nazi persecution in the years from 1933 to 1939 are still waiting there for some means of leaving their "temporary" refuge.
They came to Shanghai at the time because an entrance visa to China was not required. They ciame as a last resort. They had hoped to move on, after a short stay, to permanent homes somewhere else. But their plans have been successfully hamstrimg by the authorities who talk vaguely about "quotas, visas, affidavits, transport, money, priorities."
A slight measure of hope has been offered the refugees lately by UNRRA. A resolution adopted in Nanking recently by the Com-ittee of the UNRRA Council of the Far East asks the American, English, French and Russian mihtary authorities in Germany and Austria to grant entry permits to the 1,700 Germans and' 1,300 Austrians who are willing to go back to those countries. Occupation authorities have previous refused permission to Shan^ai's German and Austrian refugees, according to an UNRRA report. The Chinese government favors repatriatixMi of the refugees tmless the Ministries of the Interior and Foreign Affairs sanction their further stay in Caiinla.
There are, however, an additionai 5,600 Gemian and 3,000 Austrian refugees who refuse to return and several thousand more from other Eiuropean areas, Poland, Czechoslovakia and the Baltic states.
The American Joint Distribution Committee is spending approximately $100,000 a month in care of these refugees and providies a cash monthly allowance of about seven U. S. dollars per person. UNRRA has set aside a special budget of $2,000,000 for Hie Europeian refugees and to date has made a-viailable more than $1,000,000 worth of foodstuffs, primarily U.S. rations, as weU as clothing and medical supplies. UNRRA, the Chinese NatJmal Relief and Rdhabiliation Administration, is responsible for housing the refugees.
In Shanghai the housing shortage has forced the refugees into eight oami)s in the Hongkew dis-
trict. They live in converted god-owns (warehouses,) ramshackle apartment houses or in the Quon-set huts suppUed by UNRRA. As many as 50 persons are crammed into one noom and there is no privacy. The rooms are unheated in the winter, except for a small arnoimt of warmth from cook stoves and body warmth. Theu: meagre belongings are stuffed voider the tiny beds. Sanitary conditions are poor.
In spite of such squalid conditions, some of the refugees have tried to make their quarters more liveable. Everj' day a Viennese woman, remembering that homes are suposed to have beauty,'puts a bowl of fresh flowers on a lace doily in the middle of her khaki covered cot.
Many of the refugees have been living in these quarters for more than seven years, still waiting for their diance to move on to a permanent home. They originally settled in Hongkew because the rents were cheaper than those of the French Concession or the International Settlement. When the Japanese came they expelled many of the Chinese residents but allowed the refugees to settle and start businesses.
After Pearl Harbor the Jewish refugees who had settled in other parts of Shanghai were brought in and the Hongkew ghetto became a virtual prison. Now the Japs have gone, and the former Chinese tenants are clamoring for their buildings which are occupied by the refugees.
It is almost impossible for the refugees to get.jobs in Shanghai where manpower is so jdentiful. Theyi icannot Ibeglin ito (comipete (With the Chinese coolies for ihanuel laboi^ jbbist. Some have beqjome hairdressers. Army chauffeurs, U. S. Army Post Exchange employees or diop keepers and clerks. Some of the dtoctors ^e working in the 150 bed hospital wihile lothers hiave managed to start small practices.
They have organized their hfe of forced waiting and inactivity. They have set up their own school, libraries, orphanages and nmseries. they try to help themselves, to keep body . and soul to-gether, always waiting for the time when they will be able to move on to make a new begiimhig somewhere else.
HERBERT GARGRAVE, M.L.A. "In Regina with the CCF»
GRACE MACINNIS "Report from Ottawa"
September 16 8 P.M.
Jewish Commimity Centre
BETH ISRAEL CONGREGATION HIGH HOLIDAY SEAT
Beth Israel Congregation takes pleasure in announcing to the Community at large that services for the approaching High Holidays will be held in the PETER PAN HALL, 1636 W. Broadway.
The committee on seat assignment will be in attendance at the
on the following dates:
FOR MEMBERS ONLY / Sunday, Sept. 15 - 2 to 5 p.m. Wednesday, Sept. 18 - 7 to 9 p.m. Thursday, Sept. 19 - 7 to 9 p.m.
FOR GENERAL PUBUC
Sunday, Sept. 22 - 2 to 5 p.m.
Uue to mcr«ased membership of the Beth JDsrael Congregation, the number of seats available for the general public is greatly reduced over last year.