• Fishermen's Defence Committee chairman Roy C. Smith is shown here recently presenting a cheque for $10,000 to UFAWU acting president T. (Buck) Suzuki. Latest contribution, representing donations from union locals across the country, brings to $22,000 the amount turned over to the UFAWU by the Defence Committee to help meet heavy costs resulting from use of injunctions in last year's trawl long-line dispute.
Hyland Critical of U.S. For Blocking Baselines
A top fishing industry spokesman said in Vancouver last month that U.S. objections were largely responsible for this country's failure, four years after passage of the Territorial Sea and Fishing Zones Act, to name co-ordinates for establishment of a headland to headland baseline.
Noting that Canada has chosen not to take unilateral action — "as has been done by many other nations" — in drawing the baselines, B.C. Packers chairman J. N. Hyland told the Washington Bankers Association convention on June 24:
"Since the Canadian government has clearly stated that headland to headland baselines are for fishery purposes alone and are distinct from the measurement of territorial limits, opposition of the U.S., from our point
of view, seems unjustified and sadly out of step with the conservation needs of a shore based fishing industry ..."
American objections, Hyland said, mean that "exclusive Canadian fishing zones" such as Queen Charlotte Sound between Queen Charlotte Islands and Vancouver Island, are open to "exploitation of what we consider to be a Canadian fishery resource by the massive roaming fleets of Russia and Japan."
On diversion of Canadian water resources to the U.S., Hyland told the convention:
"In recent years, statements and speeches by senators, conferences called by your president, discussions here in the Northwest by various groups and proposals
Tendermen Tom Kasuya Succumbs to Injuries
An accident on the north coast June 18 took the life of Vancouver Fishermen's Local member Toyonari (Tom) Kasuya, aged 45.
Details received by The Fisherman indicate the UFAWU ten-derman was killed during docking of the packer China Hat aboard which he was sailing as mate. A mishap apparently caused
the vessel's jack mast to fall, striking Kasuya on the head. Flown to Vancouver General Hospital, he died there two days later.
A tenderman and UFAWU member of several years' standing, he is survived by his wife, Masako and three sons, Ken, aged 13; Ritchie, aged 11, and William, aged 9.
such as the North American Power and Water Alliance, have all focussed attention on the tremendous value of water . . .
"Some advocates of such schemes as NAWAPA coined the term 'continental resource' with reference to water, selling the theme that it was a commodity that knew no boundaries and should be distributed to the benefit of all. They even questioned whether Canada has the right to allow its water to run into the sea, be it the Pacific, Arctic or Atlantic, if it could be used effectively elsewhere on the continent."
The NAWAPA plan would "make a reservoir out of B.C." to service farming and industrial areas in the U.S., Hyland, said, contending that "Canada has officially said that its water is not for sale."
"Canada," Hyland added, "is saying that while we do not use all the water we have now, we do not yet know our requirements in the future. Canadians are also saying that it is not clear that a real demand now exists in the U.S., nor that it need exist in the near future providing proper conservation is practised, it is realistically priced, its use properly legislated, and the latest desalination techniques utilized to the full."
Canners' Pressure On Co-o p Charged
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Alaskan salmon canning companies were responsible for pressure exerted to prevent an Eskimo fishery cooperative selling fish to a Japanese firm, Alaska state representative Charles Sas-sara (Democrat, Anchorage) charged recently.
He was commenting on a dispute which erupted several weeks ago after the Kuskokwim Fishermen's Cooperative, in conjunction with Alaska's Community Action Program, arranged to sell fresh salmon to a freezer ship owned by the Japanese fishing company, Kyokuo Hogei.
The cooperative was formed last year but lost its freezer facilities in a fire recently. The transaction with the Japanese reportedly was made as an emergency measure to ensure disposal of this year's catch.
A 10 man task force sent to the area by Governor Walter J. Hickel allegedly told Eskimo fishermen they would be breaking the law by loading fish aboard the Japanese freezer ship.
Sassara claimed the task force was sent "simply to intimidate the Natives," largely at the instance of the canners who, he said, want to maintain their "iron grip" on the state and destroy the cooperative.
During the dispute between the cooperative and state government, thousands of pounds of fish are said to have spoiled. Counsel for the ^cooperative charged the state's interference was unjustified and not founded in law nor on terms of the International North Pacific Fisheries Treaty.
An indeterminate amount of salmon appears to have been sold to the freezer ship despite governmental opposition. Purchases were being made by the Japanese late last month but reportedly were air freighted to Anchorage for freezing rather than loaded directly onto the ship.
Spokesmen for the Kuskokwim Fishermen's Cooperative said it was more profitable to sell to the Japanese since they bought all fish offered regardless of grade. Sassara, meanwhile, said the canners fought the co-op precisely because it offered Native fishermen an opportunity to command higher prices and break the companies' economic stranglehold.
Total income of Eskimo fishermen on the Kuskokwim River had doubled since formation of the co-operative, he said.
Pike, Trout Eggs Traded
In the largest trade of fish and fish eggs made between the two countries, the U.S. recently received a shipment of Amur pike from the Soviet Union and sent 20,000 striped bass fry and 50,000 steelhead trout eggs in exchange.
The Amur pike, which reach up to 35 pounds in weight, will be used for genetics research and related projects in Pennsylvania.
Previous smaller exchanges have seen bass and trout shipped to the Soviet Union in return for shipments of sockeye salmon, currently being used in research work at the U.S. commercial fisheries bureau's laboratory at Bowman's Bay, Washington.
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THE FISHERMAN — JULY 12, 1968