Page 14-The Canadian Jewish News, Thursday, August 25, 1988
ion growth'* for world Jewry
NEW YORK (JTA) -
The Jewish population in the United States grew slightly last yeafT^hough-there is"zero population growth'' for worldwide Jewry, according to figures published last week in the 1988 American Jewish Yearbook.
The yearbook, published by the American Jewish Conimittee, estimates there were 5.94 million Jews in the United Stal'es in 1987, representing 2.5% of the overall U.S. population.
The most significant trend confirmed by the updated figures is the continuing growth of the Jewish populations in the Sun Belt and West Coast regions of the country.
The largest Jewish population gain in absolute numbers over 1986 was reported in California's Bay Area, where the Jew- • i.sh population increase in San Franci.sco. Oakland. San Jose and vicinity exceeded 50.000. Florida rcporied an increase in its Jewish population estimate of more than 30.000.
Symbolic of the South and West's growth was the "discovery" of six new Jewish communities in the regions. Communities reporting a Jewish population for the first tinie were Fairfield and Chico, Calif.; Naples, Pasco County and Stuart-Port St. Lucie, Fla., and Medford, Ore. '
Conversely, 15 states cited a drop in Jewish population - since 1986. New^ York state reported the' greatest absolute decline, with a loss of nearly 20,000 Jews. The greatest loss occurred in Mississippi,, where the Jewish population fell from 3,005 to 2.400 a 20% loss.
Still, New York remained the state with the highest Jewish concentration, with 1,891,400 Jews, comprising 10.6% of the total population. New Jersey followed with 427,000 Jews, or 5.7% of the .state's total population.
Massachusetts, which last year tied Florida for the 3rd-place spot in percentage terms, this year edced out Florida and
Maryland, widi an-estimat-ed 286,600 Jews^r 4.9%-of its total popuiati(?n. The District of Columbia, with 25,400Jews, or4.0%, had the 5th highest concentration Of Jews.
The top 10 states in terms of absolute number of Jews were New York; California (868,200. or 3.3%); Florida (549.200. of 4;^, New Jersey, Pennsylvania (347,000, or 2.9%); Massachusett-s, Illinois (259,800, or2.2%); Maryland (209,700, or 4.8%); Ohio (136,000, or 1.3 %) and Connecticut (113,300, or 1/3%).
Another trend noted by the study is the increase of ' Jewish population in college towns, state capitals; resort areas and "exurb.s" — small towns and rural areas ju.st beyond the traditional boundaries of metropolitan areas.
The figures are contained in an article by Dr. Barry Kosmin. Dr. Paul. Ritterband and Jeffrey. Scheckner of .the North American Jewish Data Bank.
fort of the Council of Jew-"isjh Federations and the-City University of New York, deriVes-its findings from local Jewish federation studies. United Jewish Appeal field reports and, occasionally, local rabbis and Jewish community leaders.
Among the methods used by communities to determine Jewish population are sample surveys, -counting the number of children absent from schopl on Yom Kippur or the number of recognizable Jewish last names. Researches also interpret census data on countries of origin," taking into account the massive Jewish emigration of the early part of the 20th century.
The American Jewish Yearbook also includes estimates of the world's Jewish population as of 1986. According to an article by U.O. Schmelz and Sergio DellaPergoIa of Hebrew University, the estimated worldwide Jewish population is slightly below 13 million.
—About half of the world's"^ Jew^^live in the Americas, -with 46% in North Arheri-ca. Twenty'One percent live in Europe, including the Asian territories of the Soviet Union and Turkey. Twenty-eight percent live
in Asia, nearly all of them in Israel. The study puts the number of Jews in Israel at 3,562,500 at the end of 1986, an increase of 1.3% annually over, 1984.
The increases in Israel, however, are offset by
demographic losses in the Diaspora.
" Despite all the imperfections in the estimates, it is clear diat world Jewry is in the" state of 'zercT population growth,'" write Schmelz and dellaPergola.
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Prices effective in all departments until Sat. Aug:usv '27'88 only. Savings indicated are off oiir own reg'ular prices. We reserve the right to limit quantities. .
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Ex--T^rontonian Betty Dubiner
TEL AVIV -
Betty Dubiner, the Canadian woman who left behind, a comfortable life in Toronto to immigrate to Israel at the height of the polio epidemic, has been awarded the. 1988 President of Israel Volunteer Award. She was recognized for her "untiring and spirited efforts' ' to i-ehabilitate the physicially handicapped in Israel.
Dubiner made aliya in the early 1950s when Israel was haying difficulty coping with the ever increasing number of polio victims. She founded Ilanshil-Polio, the first voluntary organization in Israel to help the physically handicapped.
Later on, the name of the organization was changed to Ila'ri, Israel FouiidatiOn for Handicapped Children.
Through Dubirief's initiative, the Salk: vaccine was bi-Oughrto Israel and a country-wide innocula-
Chana Laor, an Ilan volunteer, and Rethi Najadly, committee, celebrate the'opening of the home of the
tion program was carried out to immunize all chil-
The Jewish Quiz
1. Who is known as the "grandfather of Yiddish literature?"
2. Who . _ was ""lyiasterof the Good • Name?"
3. Who was the "father of modern Hebrew?"
1; Mendele Mokher Seforim;
2. Israel Baal Shem-fov. . v:
3. Eliezer Ben-Yehuda.
These questions and answers came from the book 6400 Questions About Judaism and the , Jewish People by EdmondY. Lipsitz, recently published by JESL Educational Products, Downsview, Ont.
Edmond Y. Lipsitz
dren. She was instrumen-tal in having orthopedic equipment distributed to the disabled,;as well as seeing that programs were created fortraining4)rbfes-sionals in the various therapies and. rehabilitation techniques for treating the. handicapped.
Her talent for soliciting funds arid recruiting volunteers was a major factor in the setting up of Ilan's network of services, facilities and re-habilifation programs for the disabled, Ilaii has 70 branches throughout Israel serving 14,000 adults and children,
Dubinep remains active with Ilan today. ,
"Betty Dubiner is;a pioneer in the field of voluh-tarism in Israel.'T'he uniqueness and effectiveness- of her volunteer activities serve as role models , for most volunteer organic
chairman of the residents' physically handicapped in
» zations in lisrael today,'' the: award citation reads.
Thanks to Dubiner's. role, the Canadian Friends of Ilan has a special jjlace among the organizatfoii's. supporters in the world.
Based in Montreal, the Canadian Friends support a number of Ilan projects, including the recently openea"Rpme for handicapped young adults in the Gilo section of Jerusalem. Sixty-eight gpeppleJiye at the institii-fion, built through the joint efforts of Ilan^ the Israel ministry of welfare and the Joint I)istribution Committee.
The Canadian Friends, who.se president is Martha Scare of Montreal, has now launched a campaign to build a kindergarten in KiryatChaim, near Haifa. It will he.located.oh the site of an Hah sports and rehabilitation centre.
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